Dolmabahce Palace was built on the Bosphorus and used as administrative center for Ottoman Empire after Topkapi Palace. Ottoman Sultans used to lived in Topkapi Palace which was built with classical style and largest palace of Empire in Istanbul.
Sultan Abdulmecid I wanted to build a modern, luxury and comfort palace for her mother and finally decided to construct it on the Bosphorus in between 1843-1856. The Architects of Palace were Garabet Balyan and his son Nigogayos Balyan who were originally Armenian.
The architects used around 34 tonnes of gold for the construction of Palace. The Palace has around 285 rooms, 46 halls, 6 baths and 68 toilets and comprises an area of 45,000 square meters. The Dolmabahce Palace was built with Baroque, Rococo and Neo-Classical Styles and mixed with traditional Ottoman Architecture Style. But only six of Ottoman Sultans liked to live in Dolmabahce Palace.
The last Ottoman Sultan Abdulmecid who was the last Caliph at the same time and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk who was first president of the Turkish Republic, lived here, too.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk died on November 10, 1938 in this Palace and it is only museum today.
It is closed on Monday and Thursday. It costs 90 Turkish Lira.