The dance of the Whirling Dervishes, also known as the Sema, originated in the 13th century in Konya which is located in the middle of Turkey. This perfomance is performed by Semazens (Whirlers) that belong to the Mevlevi sect of the Sufi. The Sema began from the influence of turkish

culture and the inspiration of Mevlana Jalaluddin Rumi Who came from Horosan and settled in Konya city in Turkey.

When Rumi passed away in 1273, the Mevlevis practiced prayer in a whirling manner fashioned by Rumi’s son, Sultan Veled, based on the movements of his father. The movements remained virtually uninterrupted until the overthrow of the Ottoman Empire,too.

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